1. Understand the Code of Ethics
Article 15 of the Law of Advocates states that lawyers are free to carry out their duties as long as they hold fast to the Advocate Code of Ethics and legislation. Furthermore, Article 26 Paragraph (1) of the Law of Advocates stipulates that lawyers must submit to the Advocate Code of Ethics. If indeed someone intends to become an advocate, then the Advocate Code of Ethics should be understood and adhered to by the person concerned.
2. Don’t Meet the Judge Alone Without Together Opposing Parties
This is one of the prohibitions contained in the Advocate Code of Ethics. Advocates are prohibited from meeting with judges without being with the other party, namely other lawyers in the civil and prosecutor’s scope in the criminal sphere. Indeed, other legal spheres are not explicitly stated in the Advocate’s Code of Ethics, such as the scope of religious courts and state administrative courts. But the spirit of the prohibition of this code of ethics can actually also be applied in cases in the religious court as well as the state administrative court.
This can be seen, for example, in the case of OC Kaligis who met Iriani, the Chairperson of the Medan Administrative Court, alone to negotiate the nominal bribe. It can be seen that meeting the Judge without being accompanied by an opponent increasingly paves the way for greater crimes, such as bribery and influencing judges.
3. Don’t teach or Affect Witnesses Against
Article 7 Letter e The Advocate Code of Ethics stipulates that a lawyer cannot teach or influence witnesses submitted by an opposing lawyer or Prosecutor. This is solely so that the trial that is held is a fair trial for all parties and is not biased. Of course if the opponent’s witness is influenced by a lawyer, then the element of justice becomes threatened.
This can be seen, for example, in the case of Gedijanto’s lawyer from Surabaya. Gedijanto was proven to have given Rp. 350 thousand to the Prosecutor’s witness and confiscated the KTP belonging to the Prosecutor’s witness. For this action, the Regional Honorary Council of Advocates dismissed Gedijanto from his position as an advocate permanently.
4. Don’t Look for Excessive Publicity
Article 8 Letter f The Advocate Code of Ethics stipulates that advocates are prohibited from seeking publicity or public attention for the cases being faced, except when it is related to the enforcement of legal principles. In essence, an advocate should not overdo it to search for popularity by riding on a case that is being handled, including by making a controversial statement.
For example, in the corruption case of Setya Novanto, Friedrich Yunadi as the attorney in question once said before an interview with the media that Friedrich liked luxury and spent Rp. 3 to 5 billion once to go abroad. The statement is certainly very inappropriate for a lawyer who holds the position of honorable (officium nobile).
5. Serve Clients Naturally
Article 4 The Advocate Code of Ethics explains the various things that lawyers must do in relation to clients. The lawyer must explain the case and the conditions faced naturally to the client. Lawyers must not promise to win the client. Advocates must not burden clients with unnecessary costs.
In addition, advocates must also reject cases that do not have a clear legal basis. Advocates must also maintain the client’s various secrets during the relationship or after the advocate-client relationship has been completed.
If the five things above are considered, then your way to become a respectable lawyer is wide open. It is worth remembering that the fall of a person is not infrequently due to his arrogance and inattention.